getDefaultMiddleware

Returns an array containing the default list of middleware.

Intended Usage

By default, configureStore adds some middleware to the Redux store setup automatically.

const store = configureStore({
reducer: rootReducer
})
// Store has one or more middleware added, because the middleware list was not customized

If you want to customize the list of middleware, you can supply an array of middleware functions to configureStore:

const store = configureStore({
reducer: rootReducer,
middleware: [thunk, logger]
})
// Store specifically has the thunk and logger middleware applied

However, when you supply the middleware option, you are responsible for defining all the middleware you want added to the store. configureStore will not add any extra middleware beyond what you listed.

getDefaultMiddleware is useful if you want to add some custom middleware, but also still want to have the default middleware added as well:

const store = configureStore({
reducer: rootReducer,
middleware: [...getDefaultMiddleware(), logger]
})
// Store has all of the default middleware added, _plus_ the logger middleware

Included Default Middleware

Development

One of the goals of Redux Toolkit is to provide opinionated defaults and prevent common mistakes. As part of that, getDefaultMiddleware includes some middleware that are added in development builds of your app only to provide runtime checks for two common issues:

  • redux-immutable-state-invariant: deeply compares state values for mutations. It can detect mutations in reducers during a dispatch, and also mutations that occur between dispatches (such as in a component or a selector). When a mutation is detect, it will throw an error and indicate the key path for where the mutated value was detected in the state tree.
  • serializable-state-invariant-middleware: a custom middleware created specifically for use in Redux Toolkit. Similar in concept to redux-immutable-state-invariant, but deeply checks your state tree and your actions for non-serializable values such as functions, Promises, Symbols, and other non-plain-JS-data values. When a non-serializable value is detected, a console error will be printed with the key path for where the non-serializable value was detected.

In addition to these development tool middleware, it also adds redux-thunk by default, since thunks are the basic recommended side effects middleware for Redux.

Currently, the return value is:

const middleware = [thunk, immutableStateInvariant, serializableStateInvariant]

Production

Currently, the return value is:

const middleware = [thunk]

Customizing the Included Middleware

getDefaultMiddleware accepts an options object that allows customizing each middleware in two ways:

  • Each middleware can be excluded from inclusion in the array by passing false for its corresponding field
  • Each middleware can have its options customized by passing the matching options object for its corresponding field

This example shows excluding the serializable state check middleware, and passing a specific value for the thunk middleware's "extra argument":

const customizedMiddleware = getDefaultMiddleware({
thunk: {
extraArgument: myCustomApiService
},
serializableCheck: false
})

API Reference

interface ThunkOptions<E = any> {
extraArgument: E
}
interface ImmutableStateInvariantMiddlewareOptions {
isImmutable?: (value: any) => boolean
ignore?: string[]
}
interface SerializableStateInvariantMiddlewareOptions {
/**
* The function to check if a value is considered serializable. This
* function is applied recursively to every value contained in the
* state. Defaults to `isPlain()`.
*/
isSerializable?: (value: any) => boolean
/**
* The function that will be used to retrieve entries from each
* value. If unspecified, `Object.entries` will be used. Defaults
* to `undefined`.
*/
getEntries?: (value: any) => [string, any][]
/**
* An array of action types to ignore when checking for serializability, Defaults to []
*/
ignoredActions?: string[]
}
interface GetDefaultMiddlewareOptions {
thunk?: boolean | ThunkOptions
immutableCheck?: boolean | ImmutableStateInvariantMiddlewareOptions
serializableCheck?: boolean | SerializableStateInvariantMiddlewareOptions
}
function getDefaultMiddleware<S = any>(
options: GetDefaultMiddlewareOptions = {}
): Middleware<{}, S>[]